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What Is Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma?
Adenoid cystic carcinoma or ACC can be defined as a rare cancer type that can affect different body parts. The most common sites affected by ACC are the areas of our neck and head, particularly salivary glands. Besides these regions, ACC might also occur in body parts like lacrimal gland (the tear gland present in our eyes), brain, lungs, trachea, breasts, paranasal sinuses and bartholin gland. The other names used for adenoid cystic carcinoma are AdCC, adenocyst, adenocystic, malignant cylindroma and adenoidcystic.
Recent surveys have revealed that adenoid cystic carcinoma is the 2nd most common cancer type occurring in our salivary glands, the 1st being mucoepidermoid carcinoma. ACC represents 28 percent of the cases of malignant tumors of the submandibular gland, which makes it the most common type of malignant tumor of this region. It has been found that in spite of experiencing metastases, patients are surviving for several years with this tumor type; this occurs mainly because these tumors grow extremely slowly and are mostly well-differentiated. During a medical study conducted in the year 1999, it was found that 5 years survival rate was observed among 89% of the ACC patients whereas the number dropped to 40% when the patients with 15 years survival rate was counted. The study was carried out on a group of 166 individuals diagnosed with ACC.
Now, let us get informed about the common signs of adenoid cystic carcinoma. The kinds of symptoms a adenoid cystic carcinoma patient will experience depend particularly on the region of his or her body affected by the cancer. Usually, during the early stage of ACC in salivary glands, the patient develops painless lesions in the face or mouth; these lesions tend to grow slowly. These cancerous tumors in their advanced stage might result in pain and nerve paralysis. If the ACC tumors occur in the patient�s lacrimal gland, signs like vision changes and proptosis are common. ACC of tracheobronchial tree is mostly characterized by respiratory problems while ACC tumors appearing in larynx can cause change in speech.
Regardless of the body part affected by adenoid cystic carcinoma, the initial treatment of ACC includes surgical removal keeping clean margins. Surgery of ACC tumor of neck and head often turns out to be an extremely challenging job, as these tumors have a tendency of spreading along the nerve tracts. The surgical procedure is usually followed by application of palliative�or adjuvant radiotherapy.
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma in the Nasal Cavity
Tumours in the upper respiratory tract are made up of some rare cases which make up around 3% of the occurrences. The sinonasal malignant neoplasms are rare tumours which are found in the nasal cavity. There is a friction that arises in the nasal cavity. There is a lot of contiguity in the nasal cavities and the paranasal sinuses identify the actual site of place where the sinonasal tumours originate. So, most of the malignant tumours found in the cavities of the nasal region are brought under the group of the paranasal sinuses. These are normally found near the optic nerves, brain and the internal carotid artery. They are seen to pose a lot of challenges as to how they will be treated. These malignant tumours are obtained from the small elements in the nasal cavity.
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Chemotherapy and Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a very unusual tumour that occurs from the head and the neck areas. It is mainly found in the salivary glands. This condition carries on for a long time and is mainly made of perineural kinds of invasions. The treatment of the local and the loco regional disease is made up mainly of irradiation and surgery. The patients are seen to develop a lot of local recurrences in the lung areas.
Chemotherapy is the method used to kill the cancer cells and is usually done to stop cancer and to impediment its cells from growing and then dividing. Systemic chemotherapy is normally seen in the blood stream and then it reaches the cancer cells in the entire body. Normally chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist who is a doctor who specializes in giving medication to the [...]
Adenoid cystic carcinoma and breast problems
Adenoid Cystic carcinoma of the breast is a rare kind of disorder, which accounts for around most of the breast carcinomas that are normally found. This normally manifests as a breast mass. When there is adenoid cystic carcinoma in other parts then it is a little more aggressive and when it is in the breast it is not as aggressive. The adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast has a prognosis that is favorable, and this is a condition where very rarely you would find involvement of the lymph node or the distant metastases. The treatment is normally a simple mastectomy. Radiation, chemotherapy and other treatment of hormone have been evaluated and used.
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast is a rare type of cancer of the breast which is variable and where the optimal management is not clear. [...]
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Research Foundation
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma is a cancer type affecting our head and neck. In short adenoid cystic carcinoma is referred to as ACC. ACC usually begins from our salivary glands; however, the disease can also begin from other body parts like palate, tongue base, nasopharynx, trachea, larynx, lacrimal gland, uterus and breast. Current statistics suggest that in the US, around 600 individuals get diagnosed to be suffering from ACC every year. The median age of people affected by adenoid cystic carcinoma is 43 years.
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Research Foundation or ACCRF is situated in the US state of Massachusetts, at a place called Needham. It is a charitable organization that works with the goal of accelerating development of advanced therapies for ACC treatment.
ACC being one of the most [...]
Important Information About Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Symptoms
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma also known as ACC is a form of cancer that is considered rare. This condition has the ability to afflict several different regions of the body. Among the areas of the body that may be infected by ACC are the breast, glands of the eyes, lungs and brain, the trachea and the paranasal sinuses. Most commonly this rare cancer is discovered in the regions of the head and neck, especially the salivary glands. Other names or terms that may be used to describe ACC include adenocyst, adenocystic ACC, malignant cylindroma and AdCC.
ACC is one of the most common varieties of tumor that is known to affect the salivary gland and breed tumors in this region. ACC is, in most cases, a slow growing condition which makes it possible for individuals that develop to have a much lower [...]
Is Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Surgery Successful?
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma or ACC can afflict many parts of the body including the breast, sinuses, throat and glands of the eye, lung and brain. Even though it may occur in all these areas it is often the most common in the head and neck area, more specifically the salivary glands.
There are many symptoms that may be experienced by individuals in relation to ACC. These symptoms include paralysis of the face or nerves, lumps around the face, ears, jaw and mouth, drooping eyelids, changes in vision or hearing, hoarseness or difficulty swallowing and problems related to the respiratory system. If this condition affects the lung area some additional symptoms that may be encountered include coughing, shortness of breath and wheezing.
There are two common treatments for ACC. Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma [...]
Important Facts About Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma also known as ACC is a rare cancer that is most commonly found in the head and neck areas, specifically the salivary glands. Some other areas that it has been known to manifest itself in include the nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, breast and uterus. Most cases of this cancer present itself in individuals between the ages of 40 and 45 years. The progression of this disease is slow and often relentless and has common recurrences and may move to other places like the liver, lungs and bones. Although ACC has a survival rate of about five years this decreases with the passing of time after diagnosis.
ACC is one cancer that is known to infect and spread through the nerves. This is also known as perineural invasion. Infection of the lymph nodes is not a common occurrence [...]
AdCC – Valuable Identification Techniques
Several tests would be carried out for diagnosing AdCC cancer and ascertaining its metastasis with certain tests additionally helping in choosing the right course of treatment to be employed. In majority of the cancers, a biopsy procedure is the sole means of making distinct cancer identification. In case a biopsy procedure is not feasible, then other types of tests for assisting in diagnosing the cancer would be suggested. Certain imaging techniques could be employed for checking the cancer metastasis.
The doctor would take into consideration the following four aspects while deciding on the test to be performed for diagnosis, namely:
How old the patient is and any presence of medical problem.
The kind of cancer that is doubted.
How severe the signs are appearing.
Any past test [...]
5 Popular AdCC Treatments
AdCC or adenoid cystic carcinoma treatment is dependent on the extent and placing of the tumor, if it has metastasized and the general health condition of the person.
Below explicated are the widely employed treatments for adenoid cystic carcinoma, though patients are egged on to opt for participating in clinical trials when deciding on the line of treatment. Clinical trials are research studies performed for testing any new-fangled treatment for proving its safety quotient, efficacy and probably enhanced standard treatment.
Surgical excision of the tumor is the line of treatment in case of AdCC, when carried out adhering to utmost safety standards and has likelihood of having a favourable result. A surgical oncologist is one proficient in cancer treatment performing the surgery. [...]
About Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
Adenoid cystic carcinoma or AdCC is an atypical type of adenocarcinoma illustrating the cancer that develops in the glandular tissues. AdCC is present chiefly in the regions of the head and neck, however could at times develop in the uterus among females or in other areas of the body.
AdCC prevalently is found in the salivary glands that comprise of a collection of secretory cells dispersed all through the inner areas of the URT or upper respiratory tract hence could be found in the regions of the oral palate, nasopharyngeal area, the base of the tongue, the internal mucosa lining of the oral cavity, laryngeal and tracheal area and main salivary glands located on the face.
Irrespective of where it originates, it has a tendency of spreading all along the nerves or via the blood. Only in [...]